Now for geology and paleontology: This is one of my favorite areas of evidence, the earth and fossils, since I am continually amazed how well the Bible explains them through the global flood of Noah’s day. The fossils worldwide attest to a watery catastrophe of great proportions. There are vast fossil graveyards filled with mangled fossils of animals. There are thousands of fishes buried in the very act of swallowing smaller fishes, and there are fishes with smaller fishes still inside their bellies – these amazing fossils point to rapid, rather than slow, burial of the fish. Rapid burial would be characteristic of a global flood catastrophe.

Polystrate Fossils

One fascinating evidence of rapid burial is that we sometimes find fossilized tree trunks and other large fossils SPANNING across several rock layers – these are called polystrate fossils. Fossils are found in layered sedimentary rocks, and evolutionists have traditionally claimed that each layer was laid down over millions of years. But how could a layer of sediment accumulate over such a vast time while a log sticks out of it, waiting for more layers to cover it millions of years into the future? The log would rot away! Even within 200 years, the log would rot in such an uncovered position. Thus, all the layers through which the log traverses must have been laid down rapidly enough that the log did not rot while uncovered.

Scientists Michael J. Oard and Hank Giesecke (“Polystrate Fossils Require Rapid Deposition” even visited Alaska and observed some polystrate logs that spanned through multiple coal layers! Now evolutionists may claim an occasional local catastrophe, but they believe firmly that coal formed over eons of millions of years. They do not allow local catastrophes when it comes to coal, especially since coal layers often span huge areas of earth, not just local areas. So when these scientists photographed and studied these polystrate logs that spanned several coal layers, this just showed them that these coal layers were formed rapidly!

This is exactly what would happen in a catastrophe such as the global flood. Most sedimentary layers in the world are known by secular scientists to have been laid down by water, even moving water. Such logs would have been uprooted and dumped into the watery sediment, just as a smaller-scale flood would do today. The preflood world had vast forests, so when these forests were ripped up, they gathered into vegetation mats that were then later buried and compressed into coal and oil, forming vast layers.

Missing Millions

Not only do fossils exhibit rapid burial in a watery catastrophe (since most sedimentary layers are laid down by water), fossils also fail to exhibit the millions of transitional forms that evolution is supposed to have produced through billions of years. I’m not talking about a few questionable examples – I’m saying that the fossil record, if evolution happened, should be chock-full of intermediate forms from all walks of animal and plant life. Yet leading evolutionists privately admit to the utter lack of true, uncontested transitional forms in the fossil record:

One leading paleontologist, Dr. Colin Patterson of the British Museum of Natural History had written a book called Evolution that did not include any intermediate forms. He was asked why he failed to include any. He stated in a letter: “I fully agree with your comments on the lack of direct illustration of evolutionary transitions in my book. If I knew of any, fossil or living, I would certainly have included them. . . . Gould and the American Museum people are hard to contradict when they say that there are no transitional fossils. As a palaeontologist myself, I am much occupied with the philosophical problems of identifying ancestral forms in the fossil record. You say that I should at least ‘show a photo of the fossil from which each type organism was derived.’ I will lay it on the line – there is not one such fossil for which one could make a watertight argument” (Copy of letter, dated 10 April 1979, from Patterson to Sunderland).

That is a leading palaeontologist saying that there are no uncontested transitional forms – at all! There is not one which he could include in his book about evolution – and he is an evolutionary scientist. At least he is honest. Some scientists try pointing to archeopteryx, the evolutionary horse sequence, or ape-men, but these have serious problems with being classed as transitional forms. I already talked about their problems briefly in my post “Does Science Debunk God?”. If you wonder if these fossils are transitional, remember that this leading palaeontologist already did not include them in his book on evolution. And he even referenced other palaeontologists like him who also knew there were no uncontested transitional forms.

If evolution is true, then the fossil record should contain millions – literally millions – of transitional forms. But even leading evolutionists cannot even find one for which they can make a “watertight argument.” How can evolution be true with such a lack of evidence?

But What About Evolution’s Order in the Fossil Record?

Some may point out the ascending order of less complex to more complex creatures in the fossil record, with the so-called simplest creatures at the bottom and the more advanced at the top of the rock layers. They say this is evidence for evolutionary development.

But in actuality, a whole different process has been proven through experiment to produce this same order. A curious phenomenon called liquefaction is known to affect water-saturated sediments, often occurring in disruptive events like earthquakes. Liquefaction helped create today’s layered rocks and fossil record. This geological process occurs when water is forced to flow upward through particles like sand. Quicksand is a simple example. Liquefaction sorts different sized particles into different layers. Worldwide sorting during the flood formed the geologic column and mile-thick sedimentary layers. Animals and plants were sorted according to their buoyancy in water. One experimental study by Loma Linda University even discovered the order of settling of dead animals: First the amphibian, then reptile, then mammal, and finally bird. The bird was the last to settle, showing that it would be relatively high up the resulting fossil record, while the amphibian settled first, so it would be lowest, just like we see in the fossil record. This is the general order of fossils in the geologic column and is often attributed to evolution, but in actuality evolution had no part in this remarkable order.

Thus, a global flood is capable of producing this order, and taking in other evidences, such as rapid burial of fossils and fossils spanning several sedimentary layers, a global flood fits the evidence much better than evolution. Evolution’s own lack of huge numbers of transitional forms in the fossil record also makes it a less reasonable hypothesis. Thus, geology and paleontology give compelling evidence for the truthfulness of God’s Word in the Bible.